Instantons, Holography, Strong Interactions and Nuclear Physics
瞬子、全息、强相互作用与核物理
Conference 2023 at Henan University
河南大学2023年学术会议
时间：2023年6月9日2023年6月11日
地点：河南省开封市河南大学数学与统计学院、开封金明校园
简介
This conference aims at bringing together people from various areas of
physics to learn new methods, get new inspiration and finding new interesting problems to work on.
Low energy physics has faced the problems of strong coupling in the
QCD sector of the standard model, since the standard model was
established as the correct fundamental theory of physics.
Almost all nuclear physics models are phenomenological and datadriven
and do not "know anything" about QCD, directly.
Holographic methods have been developed in many groups in the past
couple of decades, but often in parallel with nuclear physicists’ work
with little communication between the communities.
The chiral Lagrangian has a geometric description of nuclei in terms
of Skyrmions, which are instantons in holographic models, like the
WittenSakaiSugimoto model and this approach, in principle, fixes all
lowenergy constants (LEC) in nuclear physics.
An alternative and possibly equivalent way to fix the LECs is by assuming hidden local symmetry.
The extraction of the nucleonnucleon potential from such a model has
been nontrivial and has only been done successfully very recently.
Hopefully, this conference will provide an atmosphere for discussion
of many topics, and lead to new ideas and methods.
受邀报告人
Markus Amano (河南大学)
Lorenzo Bartolini (河南大学)
Stefano Bolognesi (意大利比萨大学)
巢静宜 (江西师范大学)
Josh Cork (英国莱斯特大学)
Chris Halcrow (瑞典皇家理工学院)
林凡 (中国科学院大学)
田雨 (中国科学院大学)
张柏阳 (河南大学)
张宏宝 (北京师范大学)
张云龙 (中国科学院国家天文台)
时间表
时间 
星期五9号 
09:00 
咖啡讨论 
10:00 
欢迎 
10:10 
田雨 
11:10 
咖啡 
11:30 
YunLong Zhang 
12:30 
午餐在中州颐和酒店 
14:00 
Hongbao Zhang 
15:00 
咖啡 
15:20 
Stefano Bolognesi 
16:20 
咖啡 
16:30 
Lorenzo Bartolini 
18:00 
晚餐 

时间 
星期六10号 
08:00 
讨论 
12:00 
午餐在中州颐和酒店 
14:00 
Jingyi Chao 
15:00 
咖啡 
15:20 
Chris Halcrow 
15:50 
Josh Cork 
16:50 
咖啡 
17:10 
Markus Amano 
18:00 
晚餐 

时间 
星期天11号 
08:00 
咖啡讨论 
09:00 
林凡 
10:00 
咖啡 
10:20 
Baiyang Zhang 
11:20 
咖啡 
11:30 
Sven Bjarke Gudnason (summary) 
12:00 
午餐在中州颐和酒店 

报告摘要
Markus Amano (Henan University) 
Modes of the Sakai Sugimoto SolitonAbstract→The instanton in the SakaiSugimoto model corresponds to the Skyrmion on the holographic boundary  which is asymptotically flat  and is fundamentally different from the flat Minkowski space YangMills instanton. We use the AtiyahPatodiSinger index theorem and a series of transformations to show that there are 6k zeromodes  or moduli  in the limit of infinite 't Hooft coupling of the SakaiSugimoto model. The implications for the lowenergy baryons  the Skyrmions  on the holographic boundary, is a scale separation between 2k "heavy" massive modes and 6k9 "light" massive modes for k>1; the 9 global transformations that correspond to translations, rotations and isorotations remain as zeromodes. For k=1 there are 2 "heavy" modes and 6 zeromodes due to degeneracy between rotations and isorotations.
林凡 (国科大杭州高等研究院) 
Baryons as Vortexes on the η' Domain WallAbstract→We demonstrate that the recent construction of N_f=1 baryons on the η' domain wall can be understood as vortexes of the principal effective theory on a 2+1dimensional sheet. Essentially, this effective theory is identified as a complex scalar with a Higgstype potential that is minimally coupled with the LevelN_c ChernSimons theory, namely the ChernSimonsHiggs theory. This theory has a series of vertex solutions, and the basic vortex carries unit topological charge and naturally spins N_c/2, which coincides with the oneflavor baryon. By virtue of the particlevortex symmetry, the dual ZhangHanssonKivelson theory indicates that the quark carrying 1/N_c topological charge and obeying fractional statistics. The generalization to arbitrary N_f is discussed.
Lorenzo Bartolini (Henan University) 
Neutron Stars and Isospin Asymmetric Nuclear Matter from HolographyAbstract→Description of nuclear matter in the core of neutron stars eludes the main tools of investigation of QCD, such as perturbation theory and the lattice formulation of the theory. Recently, the application of the holographic paradigm (both via topdown and bottomup models) to this task has led to many encouraging results, both qualitatively and quantitatively. In this talk, we will present our approach to the description of neutron star cores, relying on a simple model of the (double) hardwall type: we will discuss results concerning the nature of homogeneous nuclear matter at high density emerging from the model including a quarkyonic phase, the massradius relation for neutron stars, as well as the rather stiff equation of state we have found.
Moreover, we introduce a "Skyrmion inspired" quantization scheme for the Isospin quantum number, and we employ it to compute the symmetry energy of dense nuclear matter in both the (double) Hardwall and the WittenSakaiSugimoto models.
Stefano Bolognesi (Pisa University) 
A class of strongly coupled chiral gauge theoriesAbstract→We study the dynamics of SU(N) chiral gauge theories with massless fermions belonging to various combinations of the symmetric, antisymmetric or fundamental representations. We limit ourselves to the gaugeanomalyfree and asymptotically free systems. 't Hooft anomalymatching conditions severely limit the possible RG flows. In vectorlike theories such as the quantum chromodynamics, gaugeinvariant ``quarkantiquark" condensates form and characterize the IR dynamics, and the anomaly matching involves the NambuGoldstone bosons. In some other special cases, such as the BarsYankielowicz (BY) or GeorgiGlashow (GG) models, a hypothetical solution was proposed in the literature, with no global symmetry breaking and with some simple set of composite massless fermions saturating all the anomalies. For the BY and GG systems, actually, a more plausible candidate for their IR physics is the dynamical Higgs phase, with a few simple bifermion colorflavor locked condensates.
田雨 (中国科学院大学) 
First order phase transition and dynamic critical phenomena in holographyAbstract→First order phase transitions are very common phenomena in our real world. In this talk, I will introduce a universal physical picture of first order phase transitions, which can be most clearly seen from holography (applied AdS/CFT). This picture can be made precise by the socalled landscape, from which we can understand why critical behaviors are ubiquitous in systems with first order phase transitions, where the inhomogeneous cases are of special interest.
Jingyi Chao (Jiangxi Normal University) 
Nparticle irreducible actions for stochastic fluids Abstract→We present our work on constructing effective actions for stochastic fluid dynamics of a conserved density undergoing diffusive motion. We focus on the 1PI and 2PI actions, which we compute at oneloop and twoloop approximations, respectively. After solving the SchwingerDyson equations numerically for a noncritical fluid, we reveal that higherloop effects lead to the renormalization of the nonlinear coupling. In sum, our findings provide important insights into the behavior of conserved densities in stochastic fluid dynamics.
Josh Cork (Leicester University) 
ADHM skyrmionsAbstract→Finding a suitable space on which to model all skyrmion configurations is a longstanding problem in the Skyrme model. We propose, via the AtiyahManton construction, that the moduli space of ADHM data for instantons is such a space; it provides enough controlled degrees of freedom to describe coalesced highlysymmetric configurations, as well as skyrmion clusters and paths between configurations. In this talk I shall discuss the key methods involved in the construction of skyrmions from ADHM data, and showcase its versality and potential for application to studying nuclear systems in the Skyrme model.
Chris Halcrow (KTH Royal Institute of Technology) 
Classical and quantum nucleon dynamicsAbstract→I will try to motivate some open problems about classical and quantum nucleon dynamics from holography. This is motivated by recent work describing nuclei as skyrmions generated from instantons.
Baiyang Zhang (Henan University) 
CutOff KinksAbstract→We answer the question: If a vacuum sector Hamiltonian is regularized by an energy cutoff, how is the onekink sector Hamiltonian regularized? We find that it is not regularized by an energy cutoff, indeed normal modes of all energies are present in the kink Hamiltonian, but rather the decomposition of the field into normal mode operators yields coefficients which lie on a constrained surface that forces them to become small for energies above the cutoff. This explains the old observation that an energy cutoff of the kink Hamiltonian leads to an incorrect oneloop kink mass. To arrive at our conclusion, we impose that the regularized kink sector Hamiltonian is unitarily equivalent to the regularized vacuum sector Hamiltonian. This condition implies that the two regularized Hamiltonians have the same spectrum and so guarantees that the kink Hamiltonian yields the correct kink mass.
Hongbao Zhang (Beijing Normal University) 
Covariant phase space and stability of charged fluid starsAbstract→Covariant phase space formalism plays a complementary role in addressing the quantum dynamics. In this talk, I will demonstrate its application in classical physics by establishing the criterion for both dynamic and thermodynamic stability of charged perfect fluid stars. To this end, I will introduce the Lagrangian description of EinsteinMaxwellcharged fluid system and the concept of canonical energy, etc. I will end my talk with some discussions.
YunLong Zhang (NAOC, Beijing) 
Gravitational Holography and Bell InequalityAbstract→We construct the CHSH (Clauser–Horne–Shimony–Holt) form of Bell inequality, and find that its violation can also be implemented in the holographic model of EPR (Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen) pair. The holographic Schwinger–Keldysh correlators are used to denote the correlators in Bell inequality. [Phys.Lett.B 791 (2019) 7379]
会议照片
See the conference photos
here.
参与者
Sven Bjarke Gudnason（比亚科） (河南大学)
马永亮 (Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, UCAS)
Markus Amano (Henan University)
田雨 (中国科学院大学)
Hongbao Zhang (Beijing Normal University)
Baiyang Zhang (Henan University)
Lorenzo Bartolini (Henan University)
代兵兵 (河南大学)
叶玉玲 (河南大学)
Yanan Liu (Henan University)
张瑞欣 (河南大学)
Meng xue (Henan University)
刘腾炀 (河南大学)
胡凤 (河南大学)
Ruifeng Zhang (Henan University)
YunLong Zhang (NAOC, Beijing)
Stefano Bolognesi (Pisa University)
林凡 (国科大杭州高等研究院)
Josh Cork (Leicester University)
Jingyi Chao (Jiangxi Normal University)
Chris Halcrow (KTH Royal Institute of Technology)
Guilherme Sadovski (Henan University)
于嘉慧 (河南大学)
NaNa Ma (Lanzhou University)
张甜甜 (河南大学)
stefano bolognesi (pisa)
In total 26 registered participants
Registration closed!
实用信息
机场：郑州（新郑）(CGO)
高铁：开封北站
酒店: 中州颐和酒店
会议注册费：1000元（交通费、住宿费自理）
External advisory committee
马永亮（国科大杭州高等研究院）
张鹏鸣（中山大学）
巢静宜（江西师范大学）
组织者
比亚科（河南大学）
张柏阳（河南大学）
曹妮（河南大学）